Oklahoma State University


Listing of Bermudagrass Fact Sheets - Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service

Choosing, Establishing, and Managing Bermudagrass Varieties in Oklahoma - Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service - PSS-2583

Daren Redfearn, State Extension Forage and Pasture Management Specialist
Bob Woods, Northeast Area Extension Agronomy Specialist
Yanqui Wu, Assistant Professor

Bermudagrass [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.] is used for pasture and hay across much of Oklahoma and the southern U.S. It is an introduced, perennial, sod-forming grass that serves as the principle forage base for many livestock enterprises. Bermudagrass can be an important component of a forage production system because of its high forage production potential, ability to withstand drought and close grazing, and the absence of devastating insect and disease pests. Bermudagrass is best adapted to sandy loam soils in central and eastern Oklahoma where annual precipitation is about 28 inches per year or more. However, it is successfully grown throughout most of Oklahoma on many different soil types. In recent years its use has increased in the Oklahoma and Texas panhandles and adjacent regions under irrigation. The average nutritional value of bermudagrass is similar to that of many other warm-season perennial grasses. Accordingly, it has been used primarily in cow-calf type enterprises as a grazed and/or conserved forage.


Fertilizing Bermudagrass Hay and Pasture - Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service - PSS-2263

Daren Redfearn, State Extension Forage and Pasture Management Specialist
Brian Arnall, Extension Soil Fertility Specialist
Hailin Zhang, Director, Soil, Water, and Forage Analytical Laboratory
Chris Rice, Area Extension Agronomy Specialist

Bermudagrass is the single most important warm-season forage grass grown in Oklahoma. It is well adapted to the Oklahoma climate and soil types, which makes it relatively easy to maintain. It has the potential to produce high yields of high-quality hay and pasture. Unfortunately, much of the bermudagrass in Oklahoma produces less than its full potential. With adequate fertilization, some of the older bermudagrass varieties have the potential to produce up to 3 to 4 tons of forage per acre. Newer bermudagrass varieties can produce between 6 to 9 tons of forage per acre with a high level of management.


Bermudagrass Pasture Management - Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service - PSS-2591

Daren Redfearn, State Extension Forage and Pasture Management Specialist
Chris Rice, Area Extension Agronomy Specialist

Bermudagrass is a valuable forage resource across much of Oklahoma. It is tolerant of a wide range of environmental conditions and offers several management options, including grazed pasture, hay production, and also as stockpiled forage. In areas where it is adapted, it can survive with minimal inputs, but it is best managed using more intensive management practices. It produces an extensive root system and is somewhat drought tolerant. Bermudagrass responds well to fertilization and can produce a large amount of dry matter for hay production or grazing when moisture is adequate.

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